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Odawara Castle [part] rebuilding but restoring the copper gate is impressive

Odawara Castle [part] rebuilding but restoring the copper gate is impressive

Odawara Castle was founded in the middle of the 15th century by Mr. Omori, a medieval castle fortress built in Hachiman Mountain, and after the end of the 15th year, Hojo Hayumo advanced to five generations and Lord Hojo. At that time, it was said that Hachiman Mountain was a castle, and the current castle area was a house. The castle was extended in preparation for the invasion of Mr. Uesugi and Mr. Takeda, and the total structure of 9 km in the end of the 16th century was completed. However, it surrendered by Hideyoshi by the Odawara attack and it was a bloodless castle. After that, confidant Okubo tadayo of Ieyasu admission, except for the interruption of the middle decades, almost Okubo ruled until the Meiji era. Mr. Inaba, who was Lord in the middle of the 17th century, renovated the house of contemporary castles in the current territory. However, most of the buildings are torn off after the Meiji era, and only a part of the ruins such as the construction base and the gate remains.

小田原城跡Basic Data >
Name: Odawara Castle
● Location: Odawara-shi, Kanagawa ( map )
-Castle: Omori yori Haru/Hojo Ujiyasu/Inaba Masanori
Completion: 15th century/circa 1566/1675
-Remains: melody, stone wall, earth base, moat
● Information: Odawara-SHI HP

Visit >

Odawara Castle ruins are located at JR Odawara Station immediately. The main area around the tower is the Odawara Castle Park and is maintained. This time we went by bus and started from the bus parking lot at the southern end of Castle Park. By the way, there is a statue of Hojo Hayumo in front of Odawara station.

odawara_s-01Map of Odawara Castle next to the parking lot. It crosses the water moat, and it climbs by the route like the tea Jar melody ~ the Magaya Melody ~ Copper Gate ~ Tokiwagi Onmon ~ Honmaru ~ Tower. If there is time afterwards, it walks the ruins of the town.

odawara_s-02A moat and stone wall seen from the Komine bridge across the tea pot.

odawara_s-03When I crossed the bridge, a monument of a splendid tea jar was standing. Explanation panel is a slight discoloration. In the Edo period, when presenting tea from Uji to the general, it is said that it was called the tea pot tune ring because there was a storehouse which carried the tea in the procession “The Tea pot Way” to carry it here, and to save the coffee jar in this melody ring.

odawara_s-04The ground base to partition the road and the tune ring remains at the entrance to the tea Jar melody ring. Some stones like masonry can be seen under the base of the Earth. Old times wonder what was the Stonewall.

odawara_s-05Inside the tea pot. There were some buildings, such as Kura, but no cornerstone.

odawara_s-06The wall of the base is left not only in the entrance but also around here.

odawara_s-07A splendid gate and the bridge are seen on the other side when the inside moat is seen from the tea Jar melody. Copper Gate. I crossed the bridge and went through the gate and entered the castle, so I explained the details later. Look at the gate to the back of the melody.

odawara_s-07asIt is separated by the moat between the tea pot melody and the Magaya melody in the back. Across the Dobashi to the horseshoe ring.

odawara_s-08sThis is Magaya The gravel is paved here although the tea jar was a lawn. A place with a wall and a small Koryo gate in the back is a horse gate. It is a masugata tiger mouth surrounded by a soil wall, and it can go out to the other side beyond the moat as it is. The one that was able to be restored in 2009 quite recently.

odawara_s-09Look at the copper gate from another angle. Not only the gate body, masugata and clay fence in front of it, has been restored in exactly one set to the bridge, it is quite respectable.

odawara_s-10Copper Gate Description board. It is quite tattered to see the old photograph taken just before it was torn up in Meiji 5. Does it stop even if it is torn when thinking about the maintenance cost? In 1997, excavations, old photographs, and drawings were restored with reference to the figures of the time.

odawara_s-11There is an explanation board about another copper gate. This is related to the excavation of the copper gate and the Sumiyoshi moat, and the moat in front of this eye is still restored. The stone wall which is the foundation of the moat and the soil wall might be restored. When the bottom of the moat was dug, the Shoji-Bori (Hojo style) of the Warring States Period came out. Shoji Moat remains under the stone wall in the Edo period. It’s a rare combination. It would have been nice to be able to see only a few of the Shoji Hori ruins.

odawara_s-12This is Sumiyoshi bridge for crossing to the copper gate. The gate is called the internal partition gate, and it is a peculiar structure that there is a hotel under a high soil wall.

odawara_s-13Into the masugata. The road is shaped by the wall of the stone walls, and it is in the form of the reverse L-shape. There is a gun gap in the soil wall of the moat side, and it is able to rise up on the stone wall. Restoration, but surrounded by a fence tightly around in a wide masugata, I feel that I came to the castle is impressive.

odawara_s-14To Tower Gate. Gate is called the copper gate because the elongated copper plate is pasted. Because copper is softer than iron, there is an image which seems to be weak, and the copper plate is the one to make the door of the tree not to burn down easily by the fire arrow etc. (Guide’s story) rather than strength. It was restored in 1997 using the construction method at that time. The beams are pine and the pillar is the cypress.

odawara_s-15sFrom inside the copper gate. The tower part was a mechanism to climb from the stone steps of the back side. Unfortunately, it is forbidden. Tower Gate wanted to look down on masugata from above. I think it’s pretty spectacular.

odawara_s-16Go beyond the copper gate to the 2-no-maru. There is nothing in particular, but there were two stones called the cornerstone of the copper gate. The side of the stone (the right side) is cut diagonally, and it is suitable to install it along the stone wall of the diagonal side of the door. Amazing. Put the hozo of the wooden pillar in the hole which is open on top and fix it. Perhaps because it was moved to a completely different place in the flow of the gate rupture. It could be the cornerstone of a different gate than the copper gate.

odawara_s-17sIt goes up this slope and it crosses the Tokiwagi gate which is in the right turn to the Honmaru from 2 ROH round. The bridge in front is a bridge across the inner moat, but since Uchibori is completely buried, it is just a bridge.

odawara_s-18sTake a look at the bottom of the bridge. The place where the moat was was paved now. When it comes to spring, there are many flowers in bloom. The direction of the park rather than the castle ruins of the way of maintenance.

odawara_s-19The other side. Honmaru Earthbase (right side. It is understood that the inside moat is being put around to surround a considerably high).

odawara_s-20Honmaru Higashibori-Trail explanation board. The blue part of the figure is a water moat… It is thought, and blue is a ground base, and the moat is a yellow part which is written, “moat”, and it seems to be faded. In the excavation, the location of the actual Honmaru moat was identified, and the shape of the moat was expressed by tree planting and the embankment. I wish I could go to Mizubori again anyway.

odawara_s-21Before crossing the bridge, I saw a signboard installed in front of the bridge. In 1590, it is the Odawara Battle team arrangement of Hojo vs Hideyoshi. It is a huge signboard with about 3m height. It is understood that all the sea and the land are blocked. Remarkable is located in the lower left (southwest) of Ishigaki Castle. It is a legend of “One Night Castle” that it was built while hiding in the tree, and it showed the figure by cutting the tree at a dash after completion, and it was made to be scared very much about the Houjou way in the southwest immediately after the total stone fortress appeared suddenly. In fact, this Odawara battle, the battle is not, during a three-month siege of the Hojo castle other than Odawara was almost fallen, the isolated Odawara Castle was the end of the bloodless Lord by surrender. Lord’s father and Biomi were mainly seppuku, but the Hojo parishioners of the Lord were spared (because the room was the daughter of Ieyasu), to Koyasan. The descendants of the Sayama clan (now Osaka Sayama City) became the daimyo of the 11,000 stone and continued until the Meiji era.

odawara_s-22sWe crossed the bridge and stepped up to the Tokiwagi gate. The main gate in front of the Honmaru is connected to the Tammon tower. This gate was also torn down in the Meiji era, but it was revived in 1971 in commemoration of the city’s 30 years of administration (not a restoration).

odawara_s-23Tokiwagi-gate Explanatory monument. It is the one that the photograph which had been taken in the early Meiji era was reconstructed referring to. Tokiwagi is an evergreens, and it is said that the pine tree is planted from old times by the gate, and it was named the Tokiwagi Gate so that Odawara Castle will continue for a long lasting like the pine tree.

Finally, we crossed the Tokiwagi gate and went to Honmaru.

> > To Odawara Castle [Part II] . < <

Date of Visit: February, 2014
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