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Hikone Castle [1/2] There are many castle, tower, Tower, gate, etc. of the Tokugawa Shitennoji II house

Hikone Castle [1/2] There are many castle, tower, Tower, gate, etc. of the Tokugawa Shitennoji II house

One of the Tokugawa four “II Naosei” entered the OMI country by the naval function of Sekigahara, and it was built at a rapid pitch using the ingredients of neighboring castles such as Sawa Yamashiro , Kotani Castle and Otsu Castle which was the castle of Ishida Mitsunari before. The II house until the Meiji Restoration is a rare example of Lord through 260 years in the Edo period without being amended. Tower Extant is one of the National Treasures 5 Tower. Tower Tower, Castle Gate, stone wall, water moat, climbing stone wall, etc., the scale that does not end even over a whole day too many attractions. The face of the Hikone castle has become a very popular moment.

彦根城Basic Data >
Name: Hikone Castle (Wikipedia)
● Location: Hikone-shi, Shiga ( map )
-Castle: 1622 (Motokazu 8 years)
● Main building: Naomasa II, Naokatsu
-Remains: Extant tower, turret, gate, Ishigaki, Uchibori, etc.

Visit >

hikone01-sWhen you get off the JR Hikone station, “II Nasei” is greeted by the horse. The great success in the original Tokugawa Ieyasu as one of the Tokugawa four, after Sekigahara became the large daimyo of the Hikone clan 35 million stone as Fudai daimyo. Speaking of the II house, the Naosuke is still a direct government. The Ansei to promote the opening policy in the great old Edo period, or assassination outside Sakuratamon a little too much in the big prison. By the way, the statue of Naosuke was in two places in the park and tower.

hikone01a-sIn front of the station, there is a stone monument that explains the history of Hikone on the turtle from the Kojiki. The tone is a little formal, but the content that is written is quite interesting. Amaterasu of the children of the Great God, the life of Tianjin Hinako (only that), the brother of the active Hineko enshrined here to make the city of Hikone, in the Nara period, it became a provincial city not inferior to Heijo Kyo by the Fujiwara no Hihira etc. ruled Hikone, and the worshipers were not constantly in the Hikone mountain during the Heian period. Hikone amazing.

hikone02-sHikone Castle reaches straight from the station. Great. The tower was great if you could see the train from the station like Himeji Castle. However, the access from the main station is very helpful for train siege. By the way, the main gate at that time (front entrance) is not on the station side.

hikone03-sPine lined along a straight road leading to the mouth of Sasawa in front. These are called “Iroha Matsu”, and the original was named so by taking the first three letters of “Iroha 47 characters” from the fact that there were 47. The Tosa Matsu which does not put the root widely on the ground so as not to interfere with the traffic of the horse is brought from Kochi and planted (from the local explanation board).

hikone05-sIn the Hikone castle, there were three moat of Uchibori, Nakabori and Gaibori, but the outer moat of the outermost circumference was buried after the war and became a road. The sink that remains here is a valuable place to leave the appearance of the outside moat at that time as it is.

hikone06-sThis is the outside Moat mark. The shallow one might be because it was buried to some extent.

hikone07-sSawa-Guchi Mikado. A huge disagreement has formed a tiger mouth. It does not become the tower gate to connect the stone wall of the left and right, and it is said that the Koryo Gate was erected in Nakambori originally according to the explanation board though the Tammon tower was divided from the left and right. By the way, the tower on the right side is maintained as “The opening Memorial Hall”, and the history of Hikone Castle and the material related to the Sawa Yamashiro and Ishida Mitsunari in the next door were displayed. The left side remains at that time as “Sawa-Guchi Tamonmon Tower”, and it is possible to visit inside.

hikone08-sThe middle moat spreads in front of the mouth. I came across a cartoon scene in which Swans swam in the quiet water side of the perfectly clear blue sky. Facts are stranger than cartoons.

hikone85-sIt is possible to enter from the backside in the Sawa-Guchi Tamon Tower. Admission free. It is a parking lot in front of the Tammon tower.

hikone09-sIt becomes the front gate when crossing the wooden bridge in Uchibori, and it becomes entrance to Hikone Castle (toll station).

hikone10-sGuide Map of Hikone castle. There is a building in the inside of Uchibori, such as tower, and there is a garden “Genmiyono” between Nakabori and Uchibori. First, let’s look at the inner area of Uchibori.

hikone11-sWhen the front gate was entered, the schedule of today’s plane had been displayed. Performed three times a day (?) . In terms of the timing of the appearance is a lot of people are restless and, conversely, people are concentrated on the tower side and the people around the ruins, such as the gate is reduced (ideal for photography) there is a viewpoint.

hikone83-sIn front of the gate is the Hikone Castle Museum, which restored the table Palace. 1000 yen is advantageous for the castle, the Genmiyen and the museum set admission ticket. In the museum, there is a living room, a tea house, and a garden of the Lord who reproduced the table palace at that time with the exhibition of II. The photograph happens to be the one in the front yard of the performance (around 15:00). By the way, it is careful because the door which leads to the front yard is closed when the performance of the plane is finished.

hikone12-sThe sign of “climb stone wall” was built in the immediate place of the front gate. The climbing wall is a stone wall that divides the slope vertically so that the enemy cannot move parallel to the slope of the mountain. So to speak, it is the Ishigaki version of the hardmoat. This climbing stone wall is seen in five places in Hikone castle, but the climbing stone wall itself is almost in the forbidden area, and it is hard to see by trees etc. from a distance. But if you go around the castle, you can see everything.

hikone13-sIt is a little confusing, but this is the wall climbing side of the front gate. The stone wall is built to block the slope. Because the left side is dug a little, is this this a hardditch?

hikone14-sWhen the money is paid at the front gate, the long stone steps which continue to the next inflection ring appear. The width of one stage is wide, and the inclination becomes sudden to climb, and it is difficult to climb indeed. This was deliberately built by example.

hikone16-sClimb up the stone steps and you will see a towering high stone wall and a splendid tower. It’s a balance tower. It is an important cultural property in the building at the time of the castle. It is said that it relocated the major gate of Nagahama Castle. To enter the tower, it is necessary to pass under the Corridor Bridge first, to the left, and to cross the Corridor Bridge.

hikone17-sAcross the corridor bridge to the other side. This road becomes Horikiri, and if the corridor bridge is dropped in case of emergency, the attacking hand cannot help climbing this stone wall.

hikone18-sIt goes up the slope to the corridor bridge.

hikone18a-sWhen the slope rises, it goes out to the ring called “Round of the Bell”. It seems that there was a bell tower here at the time of the castle, but it was relocated because the sound of an essential bell did not reach the north. Moreover, it was relocated in Edo though “saloon” was also built.

hikone19-sThen, we went to the balance tower. The direction of the turret on the right and the left tower is shifted 90 degrees. Seemingly, it seems to be symmetrical, and is not it actually “smartness” of the designer? (Some say that they are facing Kyoto and Edo, respectively)

hikone20-sBalance Tower Explanation board. It is said that it was called so because the shape of the recess is seen from the above when seeing from the above though it is a multi-hearing tower of the horizontal when seeing from here, and it looks like the balance shape. In addition, we have been repairing the stone wall in the late Edo period, and it is said that the stacking is different. It is understood that the color of the stone wall is different from the left and right when the photograph before one is put in the head and the information is reviewed. The right side is the old “burdock” (how to put the slender stone in the back, but not visible from the table), the left side is “dropping” at the end of the Edo period repair (how to pile the stone diagonally). They come to study

hikone21-sIt was doing construction just on the right side at the time of the visit although it became a slope which continued to the next tune ring when exceeding the balance tower. Red-white color cone that had been built from a little while ago is that for securing the passage of the construction vehicle. What is the construction of the ↓

hikone22-sIshigaki Preservation and repair work. Since the stone wall will also become damaged after more than 400 years, it is that it is gradually re-assembling from such a place. It is wonderful to explain not only the fix but also what it is doing/what it looks like. The stone is made to reuse the rough as much as possible. Everyone involved in the construction is in hot weather.

hikone23-sIn the balance tower, I put it from this entrance in the inside corner.

hikone24-sInside the balance tower. Planking but extant, so shoes forbidden. It not only puts it inside but also explains variously in the panel. There are few exhibits and you can enjoy the tower itself. Personally I like this one.

hikone25-sThe balance tower is the only attraction. It’s nice to have a short list of bullets instead of a common long description. It seems to be true that the tower is facing Edo and Kyoto. Moreover, it is made to do the work that the door is difficult to attack variously. Because it is an important point to assume the enemy from three sides of the front gate and the big Gate and the bell circle by one hand, is it made to here?

hikone26-sLook out from the balance tower. The enemy from the front gate is from the left, the enemy from the big gate is from the right, and the enemy from the circle of the bell comes squarely. Right here is the first hurdle.

hikone27-sAnother explanation board about the balance tower. After looking at the short summarized “highlights”, a long sentence of fine characters hurts my eyes. The story of relocated the major gate of Nagahama Castle as additional information though it is written roughly similar to the previous one is recorded in the history book of the II house, and the physical evidence which supports it has not been found yet.

hikone28-sLook out from the back of the balance tower. The mountain which looks bulging with the left back slightly in the center is “Sawa Mountain”. Castle Ishida Mitsunari, there is the ruins of the Sawasayama Castle . In the early Edo period when the water luck of Lake Biwa was important, the Hikone castle which faced the lake Biwa was certainly more convenient than the solid Sawa Yamashiro on a little inland mountain.

hikone29-sWhen you leave the balance tower and go up the stone steps, a bell tower appears. Is this the bell tower that was in the circle of the bell on the other side of the balance tower?

hikone30-sBell tower Explanatory board. I still ring the bell five times a day. This is the teahouse next to the bell tower. It seems to be able to have matcha for a fee.

hikone31-sFinally, the last gate to Honmaru, to Taiko Gate tower. The other side of the Honmaru is the very last bastion.

hikone32-sThe drum gate tower seems to be a corridor with a high column with the back being opened. Let’s see if it passes through the gate.

hikone33-sBehind the drum gate tower. There is certainly no wall, and the hallway is in full view. By the way, it seems that the interior of this corridor is now the palace of the plane. (Showed up through this hallway)

hikone34-sIf you go through the Taiko Tower Gate and cross this masugata, you honmaru.

hikone35-sWhen you enter the Honmaru, the small Hikone castle tower is the debut. Somehow, it is pretty. Although it looks as though it stands alone, the attached tower is adjacent to the right side.

hikone36-sBeside the tower, the plane was in a performance. It was written on the signboard of the front gate. Performances from 10:30 a.m. (?) Seems to have just stumbled across. By the way, there were a lot of spectators on the right side though the guest seemed to be the one and not everyone. It does not seem to be mobbed, and has put some distance. The popularity of the plane is still alive.

hikone37-sTo tower while people gather and are vacant. First of all, tower explanation board. The scale is certainly smallish, but there are a lot of gables in a small place, and it is a lively atmosphere. It is said that it is told that the tower of Otsu Castle is relocated.

hikone38-sBefore entering the tower, I now look back from the tower diagonally once. In the figure from the side and the appearance from the front, the type and position of the gable, the sequence is different, it exudes a different atmosphere. Personally, I like the appearance from the side of the front.

And, it tower in the emergency.

> > Continue to Hikone Castle [2/2] . < <

Date of Visit: September, 2013
Imaging Equipment: SONY NEX-C3
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