No. 321: Yamanaka Castle (a masterpiece of Hojo Castle technology concentrates the Toyotomi army)
Yamanaka CastleIs a castle in Mishima City, Shizuoka Prefecture.
This castle, known as a masterpiece by Mr. HojoCountry Historic SitesIs specified inJapan 100 CastleHas been chosen.
In the late 16th century (1560)Hojo UjiyasuIt has been built by. It is a form that captures the Tokaido and is the castleOdawara CastleHas been functioning as a defense of the West.
Mr. HojoIn the age ofHideyoshi ToyotomiThe relationship between the Uchinotai and the improvement of the large-scale renovation, such as the development of Sakide-maru, remains unfinishedOdawara, MasakiMukaeuchi the Toyotomi army to invade.
Even this castle, which can be said to be the smartness of the Hojo fortress technology, was not fulfilled by more than ten times as many as four thousand Hojo.
Of the Hojo people as it was a very fierce electionYasutaka Matsuda, Yasutoshi MamiyaIn the way of the main warlords of Toyotomi, etc.Ichiyanagi, TadashiEtc. are killing death. The castle was abandoned after the battle.
-Immediately appear from the entranceMitsumaru Hori。 It is a shape to advance the ridge left in the center parallel to the moat.
-The east SideHoriIt seems that water flowed from the reservoir at the top.
●Tajiri PondWhat was a swamp in a pond called a reservoir separated by a soil base. It is thought that it was used for the drinking water of the horse etc. The overflowing water was flowing into the Mitsumaru moat.
-Next to the east of Tajiri PondBox wellIt is thought that it was for a drink of the soldier in a slightly high position.
-This is between the west tower and Nishino MaruShoji HoriIs.
This is one of the biggest attractions of Yamanaka Castle and the hallmark of Hojo’s castle, with its more complex and vertically partitioned ridges and a more complicated interior. It is not possible to avoid the arrow that the soldier on the ridge also fell in the moat sideways to shake from the top.
In addition, it will be difficult to crawl up from the trench of the slippery Kanto loam layer when moisture is included.
-Also around the west towerRidge Moat.
Description of the horse out. According to this, it is understood that the West tower was a horse out to sortie using the left and right wooden bridge, Dobashi from here the soldier collects at the time of the attack.
●West TowerIs as shown above.EarthyIt is a square melody surrounded by.
Mr. Takeda’sRound horse OutThe castle of Mr. HojoHorn Horse OutAre used.
-Between the west tower and Nishino MaruShoji HoriTo see from the top.
●Motonishi TowerIt is a small tune ring between Nishi No Maru and 2 No Maru, and it seems that it was responsible for the horse out of two no Maru before extending it from the name.
-From Motonishi turret to No. 2 MaruWooden Bridge。 Crossing This bridge is the tiger mouth of the two.
-The largest in Honjo departmentNo. 2 MaruSeems to have had the purpose of accommodating a lot of soldiers against the narrow honmaru of the area.
It is inclined from the north to the south for some reason.
It seems to go down to the box well towards the Sanno Maru while bending this route.
It was built as a guardian deity of Yamanaka CastleKomagata Suwa Shrine。
●Sanno MaruAnd you have to go down toSokan Temple。
Here is the tomb of the death of the King Matsuda Yasuyuki, deputy General Mamiya Yasutoshi, and Toyotomi-kata, such as Hojo-kata, and Toyotomi-kata.
●Old Tokaido (Hakone Road)From the side ofUchinotai Sakide Maru.
-Uchinotai Sakide Maru boasts a long castle area to the north and south while unfinishedYasutoshi MamiyaIori and it is transmitted that it was crushed. This isBaba, MelodyOfEarthyIt extends to the ahead.
-Was built on the wheel side of the mortar hit the edge of the Uchinotai Sakide MaruWatch StandThe view to the city area is open.
●MortarI think that it is a remnant that the cutting flatness was sweet, and was unfinished certainly in the mortar shape though it is called a melody.
It has been a Buri revisited for more than 15 years, but it is still in excellent condition.
It is the castle which can fully appreciate the charm of the castle of the soil of Hojo, and it thinks that a large number of killed in war shows the height of the defense power of this castle though it did not have it for the enemy of ten times or more even if it is so.
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Original article source:http://tkonish2.blog.fc2.com/blog-entry-343.html
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